An Alabama appeals court rules that a Medicaid applicant’s special needs trust is an available resource because the trustee had discretion to make payments under the trust. Alabama Medicaid Agency v. Hardy (Ala. Civ. App., No. 2140565, Jan. 29, 2016).

Denise Hardy inherited a one-half interest in a house and placed it in an irrevocable trust. The trust instrument stated that the trustee could distribute income to Ms. Hardy at the trustee’s discretion and that the trust was intended to be a special needs trust. Ms. Hardy entered a nursing home and applied for Medicaid. The state determined that the trust was an available resource.

Ms. Hardy appealed, and an administrative law judge agreed that the trust was an available resource. Ms. Hardy appealed to court, arguing that the trust was not available because it was irrevocable and could not be altered. The trial court reversed the state’s decision and ordered the state to pay Ms. Hardy benefits. The state appealed.

The Alabama Court of Civil Appeals reverses, holding the trust is an available resource. According to the court, a trust is an available resource if there is any circumstance under which payments can be made to the beneficiary, and that in this case, “if the house was sold and half of the proceeds of the sale were placed in the trust, the trustee could then make distributions as required by the terms of  [Ms.] Hardy’s trust.”

For the full text of this decision, go to: https://acis.alabama.gov/displaydocs.cfm?no=713449&event=4JX0KDU8D